Neuromodulators are comprised of a group of prescription medicines of botulinum toxin that are FDA approved to be injected into facial muscles to temporarily improve the look of crow’s feet and frown lines between the brows.
Neuromodulator injections, or colloquially called Botox® injections, have become one of the most common, well-known, and well-studied cosmetic treatments for facial rejuvenation.
These injections have been FDA-approved to help diminish frown lines between the brows and wrinkles at the crow’s feet area. As a straightforward and relatively inexpensive cosmetic treatment that is performed in the office with no downtime, it is an effective and excellent treatment option. It has such a reliable and reputable track record that it often yields the highest patient satisfaction rate over any other outpatient cosmetic treatment. Although Botox® may be the most well known among the injectable botulinum neuromodulators, other ones include Xeomin®, Dysport®, and Myobloc®.
The procedure involves injecting botulinum toxin at very low doses into the muscles of facial expression to weaken or paralyze them. Results take effect within 1-2 weeks and may be seen as early as 3-5 days. The effect of the toxin can last for up to 4-6 months. When implemented alone or in conjunction with other rejuvenation treatments such as dermal fillers, the wrinkles, lines and furrows of the face appear diminished in severity and depth. More recently, neuromodulator injections have been used on a more off-label basis to treat the forehead, neck, chin, jawline, and lips. Other FDA-approved treatments include injections for hyperhidrosis of the underarm areas, the effect of which can last up to 6 months. Unlike neuromodulator injections for wrinkling, which is a cosmetic, out-of-pocket expense, Botox® treatment for hyperhidrosis can be covered, partially if not fully, by medical insurance.Neuromodulators